Almost half of the shipments of flowers and plants can be carried over long distances. Cheaper by train or sea
According to a study by the University of Wageningen.
The research, commissioned by the VGB, the organization of wholesalers in floriculture products, shows that rail or ship may limit. Greenhouse gas emissions by 60 to 75%
They were based on the use of a 45-foot container, in which 43 Danish containers can be transported. In 44% of cases, the shipper plants and flowers over a distance of 800 kilometers without road, but by water or rail makes transport cheaper.
Of cultivated plants and flowers in the Netherlands, 90% have gone to foreign markets. Here, the average transport distance increasing, because the export grows mainly to countries such as Russia, Poland and Turkey. Many of those exports are still on the road.
The turning point in the cost is roughly around 800 kilometers. That is the maximum that one day can be made. By a driver For longer distances requires two drivers which increased costs, or the driver must be repaid.
On imports of floricultural products from South America and Africa, for example transport by ship offers advantages over air, according to the study. CO2 emissions can be reduced by 80% and the cost per container hold 25 to 30% lower. The products must then be transported by 1 to 2 degrees Celsius.