Don't we all just love Chrysanthemums? It is afterall the flower that symbolizes joy and optimism. A favorite choice among florists and other flower enthusiasts especially during fall. Some people call it mums or chrysanths, but one fascinating thing about this flower is that it is arguably the most popular flower in the world after the rose.
Chrysanthemum belong to the family Asteracea, with 40 wild species of chrysanthemum and thousands of bred varieties. The flower originates from China and was brought to Europe in 18th century. This plant is mostly used in ornamental purposes, but it also has numerous medical properties.
Meanwhile, herebelow are some other amazing facts about Chrysanthemums.
The traditional colors of chrysanthemum are yellow, white, red and purple. The flower also occurs in other colours such as pink, lavender, bi-colored and multicolored.
Chrysanthemums can be categorised 13 ways inline with the type of flower. Each form has a specific arrangement of rays and disk florets. Some of the best known are daisy, spider, cushion and button.
The name "Chrysanthemum" is derived from Greek words "chrysos" which means gold, and "anthos" which means flower.
Chrysanthemum flowers are used to make tea which is known for an enticing aroma and health benefits. Medicinal values include relieving headaches, sore throat, fever, headache, dry and itchy eyes and to help prevent indigestion.
Substances called pyrethrins, isolated from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, act as natural insecticides. They affect the nervous system of some insects and even keep at bay the notorius female anopheles mosquito.
The size of chrysanthemum depends on the species and variety. Stem can reach 2 to 6 inches in height. Flower can have 0.4 to 10 inches in diameter.
Chrysanthemums grow a fruit called Ribbed Achene.
While the flower is regarded as a symbol for happiness, joy and love, it is also used widely in times of grief. Some European countries have chrysanthemum as a symbol of death and always include the flower in funeral floral arrangements.
Boiled leaves and stem of chrysanthemum are an integral component Chinese cuisine.
A study conducted by NASA revealed that chrysanthemum can help reduce air pollution.